Diabetes care is crucial if serious complications from diabetes are to be avoided. Diabetes care consists of managing the level of glucose in the blood to prevent it from rising to unsafe levels. The management of diabetes involves monitoring the blood glucose levels, correcting the levels with insulin if necessary, and following a healthy lifestyle that encourages the maintenance of healthy glucose levels.
Monitoring the blood glucose levels is generally done periodically throughout each day. A typical regiment includes checking the blood glucose level upon waking and after each meal. The physician may prescribe a different schedule. It is important for the diabetic to work cooperatively with the doctor in order to control the diabetes.
The administration of insulin is sometimes, but not always, a necessary component of diabetes care, Insulin can be used with individual injections of insulin or with insulin pump therapy. With individual injections, the diabetic checks their blood glucose level with a monitor and takes the appropriate amount of insulin with an injection. The insulin pump provides a steady amount of insulin to the body with additional, programmed doses after meals and as needed.
Healthy living can help maintain healthy blood glucose levels. Exercise delivers more glucose to the cells from the blood. This can lower otherwise high glucose levels in the blood. Excessive stress should be avoided as it can cause problems with blood glucose levels. Exercise can help alleviate the negative impact of stress on the body.
Small, more frequent meals can aid in keeping the blood glucose levels steady, but eating like this can make it more difficult to monitor the blood glucose levels. A dietary plan should be developed with the assistance of a dietician who is experienced in working with diabetics. In an ideal situation, the diabetic patient, the physician, and the dietician work together as a team to devise a plan for diabetes care.