What Causes Diabetes

What causes diabetes is a lack of production or effectiveness of the body’s insulin. Insulin is necessary for the delivery of sugar to the body’s cells. When the effectiveness or amount of insulin is lacking, the level of sugar, or glucose, in the blood rises. High blood sugar levels are detrimental to the health of the affected individual.

Causes of diabetes coincide with the types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by a failure of the pancreas to produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes. Due to the lack of insulin, the diabetic patient with type 1 diabetes must take insulin. This can be done with individual injections of insulin or insulin pump therapy.

Some physicians believe that type 1 diabetes may be caused by exposure to a virus either prior to birth or in childhood. Though the exact cause is unknown, a genetic influence or response to a virus causes the immune system to attack the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. The pancreas is responsible for the production of insulin. When the insulin-producing cells sustain damage or are destroyed, the individual is left with little or no insulin.

The cause of type 2 diabetes is an increased resistance to the effects of the body’s insulin. Type 2 diabetes can result if the pancreas begins producing less insulin than usual. The onset of type 2 diabetes occurs during adulthood. It is sometimes called noninsulin dependent diabetes since it can often be controlled by following a diabetic diet and exercise.

The cause of gestational diabetes is a resistance to insulin during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that can make the pregnant woman’s body more resistant to insulin than usual. If the pregnant woman’s pancreas fails to compensate by producing extra insulin, she develops gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is usually controllable with a gestational diabetes diet and exercise.


Type 1 Diabetes And Insulin Production

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas fails to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is necessary for the body to convert food, especially sugar (glucose) and starches, into energy. Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that has an early onset which occurs during childhood through young adulthood. It was formally called juvenile diabetes.

The development of type 1 diabetes can be genetic or due to infection from certain viruses. Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves blood glucose monitoring and the administration of insulin since the pancreas is not producing it.

The physician advises on the treatment and administration of insulin based on the levels of glucose in the blood. Blood glucose levels are checked with a glucose meter. The monitoring of glucose levels is often done several times a day. Careful monitoring of the amount of sugar in the blood is a crucial component in diabetes treatment.

Healthy diet and exercise help decrease blood glucose levels. The physician may suggest a consultation with a dietician to construct a diabetic diet for the patient to follow. Exercise helps glucose be absorbed by cells. A decrease in the insulin dose may be necessary while exercising.

Illnesses, including the common cold, can increase the amount of glucose in the blood. Therefore, when people with diabetes are sick, they may need to increase their insulin dosages to compensate. Stress can also impact the blood glucose level and need for insulin.

Type 1 diabetes increases the individual’s risk for certain diseases. Heart disease, blindness, neuropathy, and kidney damage are potential complications of diabetes. Neuropathy is nerve damage.

Skin care and diabetic foot care are important for those with diabetes. If skin damage or injuries to the foot are treated early, associated complications can often be avoided. This is also true with eye problems. Early detection and treatment is paramount to prevent serious complications associated with diabetes.