Symptoms of diabetes can act as warning signs for the disease. These common symptoms of diabetes can let doctors know that the patient needs to be tested for diabetes. Excessive thirst and frequent urination are common initial symptoms caused by a diabetic condition.
These symptoms are both causally linked and due to high glucose levels. When the blood glucose level is too high, glucose tends to accumulate in the kidneys. The kidneys attempt to dilute the glucose by drawing water from the blood. Therefore, the person becomes thirsty due to the body’s need for more water. Frequent urination then occurs from the excessive amounts of water consumed and the kidneys’ action of drawing increased amounts of water from the blood.
Extreme hunger and unusual weight loss are diabetes symptoms. The weight loss can seem perplexing to the patient since the hunger may cause them to be eating more than usual. The patient may realize something is wrong since these symptoms would not occur together normally. Weight loss is more noticeable with type 1 diabetes.
Blurry vision can be a symptom of diabetes. Many people do not associate blurry vision with a sign of the onset of diabetes. Another symptom is tingling or numbness in the hands or feet. This is due to the onset of diabetic nerve damage, known as diabetic neuropathy.
Irritability and increased fatigue are more difficult symptoms to associate with diabetes since they can occur as symptoms of numerous illnesses. If people experience irritability and increased fatigue along with some of the other symptoms of diabetes, it can affirm the need for a blood glucose test to rule out or diagnose diabetes.
If a person experiences these signs of diabetes, they should consult their physicians. The doctor is likely to issue or prescribe a blood sugar test. The test results may indicate that the patient has normal blood sugar levels, pre-diabetes, or diabetes.