Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes can act as warning signs for the disease. These common symptoms of diabetes can let doctors know that the patient needs to be tested for diabetes. Excessive thirst and frequent urination are common initial symptoms caused by a diabetic condition.

These symptoms are both causally linked and due to high glucose levels. When the blood glucose level is too high, glucose tends to accumulate in the kidneys. The kidneys attempt to dilute the glucose by drawing water from the blood. Therefore, the person becomes thirsty due to the body’s need for more water. Frequent urination then occurs from the excessive amounts of water consumed and the kidneys’ action of drawing increased amounts of water from the blood.

Extreme hunger and unusual weight loss are diabetes symptoms. The weight loss can seem perplexing to the patient since the hunger may cause them to be eating more than usual. The patient may realize something is wrong since these symptoms would not occur together normally. Weight loss is more noticeable with type 1 diabetes.

Blurry vision can be a symptom of diabetes. Many people do not associate blurry vision with a sign of the onset of diabetes. Another symptom is tingling or numbness in the hands or feet. This is due to the onset of diabetic nerve damage, known as diabetic neuropathy.

Irritability and increased fatigue are more difficult symptoms to associate with diabetes since they can occur as symptoms of numerous illnesses. If people experience irritability and increased fatigue along with some of the other symptoms of diabetes, it can affirm the need for a blood glucose test to rule out or diagnose diabetes.

If a person experiences these signs of diabetes, they should consult their physicians. The doctor is likely to issue or prescribe a blood sugar test. The test results may indicate that the patient has normal blood sugar levels, pre-diabetes, or diabetes.    

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Type 2 Diabetes – Why And What

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a decrease in the effectiveness or production of insulin. Without insulin, the amount of glucose, or sugar, in the blood increases. The elevated blood sugar level causes diabetes. If left unmanaged, the high blood glucose level can lead to potentially dangerous complications of diabetes.

Excessive thirst and frequent urination are symptoms of diabetes that are often the first warning sign a person experiences. Excessive hunger, weight loss, and fatigue are common symptoms of diabetes. Diabetes can also cause blurred vision. Diabetes may make sores heal more slowly than usual. Frequent infections can also occur.

If someone experiences symptoms of diabetes, they should consult a doctor to be evaluated for the condition. The physician may use a blood sugar test to diagnose diabetes or rule it out if the blood sugar level is normal. A normal fasting blood sugar level is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). A level between 100 and 125 suggests prediabetes. Scoring above 125 on a fasting blood sugar test indicates diabetes. Instead of a fasting blood test, the doctor may use a random blood test. A score above 200 regardless of when the individual ate is indicative of diabetes.

Much like the tests used to diagnose diabetes, the diabetic patient must check the blood sugar level periodically each day. Usually a fasting reading is taken before the person eats breakfast. Then, the person takes another reading after each meal. It is important for the diabetic patient to follow the physician’s instructions for checking and recording blood sugars.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and a high level of ketones in the urine can be serious complications. If left untreated, they can cause seizures and loss of consciousness. Diabetes can cause damage to the eyes which can lead to blindness. Diabetes increases an individual’s risk for cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer’s. Damage to the kidneys, nerves, skin, and feet are possible complications of diabetes. If any symptoms of these conditions develop, early intervention is often the key to preventing a serious condition.

Do You Need To Follow A Diabetic Diet?

If you are suffering from diabetes, your body cannot make or properly use insulin on its own. This can leads to high blood glucose, or sugar, levels in your blood. All this can leads to complications if it is not treated and untreated diabetes can eventually leads to death due to the diabetes complications.  

There are several points in the treatment of diabetes and they all play a very important role.

  • Regular exercising helps to strengthen your heart and may also lower your blood sugar level
  • Staying in good shape maintaining a good BMI, meaning an ideal body weight for your height
  • Taking diabetic medication regularly if required by doctors,
  • Following strictly to a diabetic diet, which is what this blog will specifically emphasize on.

Eating healthily helps to reduce your blood sugar. It is a important part of managing your diabetes, because controlling your blood sugar can prevent diabetic complications, like diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure or diabetic neuropathy etc.

So what is a diabetic diet?

A diabetic diet is effective a diet that has got high in dietary fibre, especially soluble fibre, but low in saturated fat, lesser of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index.

Diabetes experts suggest diabetic meal plans that are flexible and able to take your lifestyle and other health needs into consideration.

You can also read more at
http://www.endocrineweb.com/diabetes/treatment.html 
http://www.diabetic-diets.net/