Watermelon And Diabetes

Watermelon and diabetes are possible only if the watermelon is eaten in moderation. Diabetic people usually self manage their blood glucose levels by monitoring their own carbohydrate intake, for example, by counting the grams of carbohydrate in a particular fruit.

Glycaemic index is the food classification according to how quickly a particular carbohydrate raises the blood glucose levels (or how quickly the carbohydrate turns into sugar). The higher the glycaemic index number, the greater the blood sugar response. Foods with a glycaemic index of 70 or more are said to be ‘high’; glycaemic index of between 55 and 70 are ‘moderate’ and a glycaemic index of less than 55 are said to be ‘low’.

However, a better indication of how quickly the effect of a standard portion of the food (for example, watermelon) raises your blood glucose is the glycemic load. In addition, the glycaemic load is the amount of the carbohydrate food multiplied by that food’s glycemic index. The glycaemic load of a food of more than 20 is said to be ‘high’; between 11 and 19 is ‘moderate’ and if it is 10 or less then it is considered low. Generally, you should try and aim to keep your glycaemic load to below 15.

Watermelon has a high glycaemic index, but the glycemic load per food serving (size of 120g) is only 4, which is relatively low. So unless you intend to eat lots of the watermelon at a particular time, it will not have a big impact on your blood glucose levels. However, due to watermelon being high in sugar, you should still limit the quantity you intend to eat.

If you are a lover of watermelons then remember to monitor your blood sugar levels after eating it, so that you can monitor its affects. If after eating the watermelon, it raises your blood sugar, limit the amount of watermelon you eat next time. Also, you could combine the watermelon with a protein or fat, as this will reduce the speed of sugar absorption.


Type 2 Diabetes – Why And What

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a decrease in the effectiveness or production of insulin. Without insulin, the amount of glucose, or sugar, in the blood increases. The elevated blood sugar level causes diabetes. If left unmanaged, the high blood glucose level can lead to potentially dangerous complications of diabetes.

Excessive thirst and frequent urination are symptoms of diabetes that are often the first warning sign a person experiences. Excessive hunger, weight loss, and fatigue are common symptoms of diabetes. Diabetes can also cause blurred vision. Diabetes may make sores heal more slowly than usual. Frequent infections can also occur.

If someone experiences symptoms of diabetes, they should consult a doctor to be evaluated for the condition. The physician may use a blood sugar test to diagnose diabetes or rule it out if the blood sugar level is normal. A normal fasting blood sugar level is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). A level between 100 and 125 suggests prediabetes. Scoring above 125 on a fasting blood sugar test indicates diabetes. Instead of a fasting blood test, the doctor may use a random blood test. A score above 200 regardless of when the individual ate is indicative of diabetes.

Much like the tests used to diagnose diabetes, the diabetic patient must check the blood sugar level periodically each day. Usually a fasting reading is taken before the person eats breakfast. Then, the person takes another reading after each meal. It is important for the diabetic patient to follow the physician’s instructions for checking and recording blood sugars.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and a high level of ketones in the urine can be serious complications. If left untreated, they can cause seizures and loss of consciousness. Diabetes can cause damage to the eyes which can lead to blindness. Diabetes increases an individual’s risk for cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer’s. Damage to the kidneys, nerves, skin, and feet are possible complications of diabetes. If any symptoms of these conditions develop, early intervention is often the key to preventing a serious condition.