Juvenile Diabetes

Juvenile diabetes is a common name for type 1 diabetes. It is called juvenile diabetes because this disease usually starts in childhood through late adolescence. The cause of juvenile diabetes is often genetics, but it can be due to exposure to a viral infection. In juvenile diabetes, the pancreas fails to produce insulin. Though juvenile diabetes occurs worldwide, the highest incident rate is in Scandinavia.

Common symptoms of juvenile diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, excessive hunger, fatigue, drowsiness, and blurred vision. It can cause tingling or numbness in the hands and feet. Breathing can also become labored and have a fruity odor.

Insulin is a hormone needed to metabolize sugar, or glucose, and starches. When insulin production and sensitivity is normal, insulin breaks down the sugar which is then delivered to the body’s cells via the bloodstream. When insulin production is compromised, the level of glucose in the blood rises to unsafe levels.

If left untreated or uncontrolled, serious complications can arise. High glucose levels in the blood increases the risk of certain diseases. Blindness, nerve damage, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease could occur. Poor circulation and nerve damage can cause serious trauma to the feet which can lead to the necessity of amputation.

Treatment of juvenile diabetes consists of monitoring blood sugar levels, administering insulin, and watchfulness of the onset of any complications. Blood sugar levels are checked periodically throughout the day with the use of a blood glucose monitor.

Injections of insulin are commonly a crucial part of treatment for juvenile diabetes. An insulin pump may be used instead of individual injections of insulin. An insulin pump can help stabilize blood sugar level better than injections since it provides a constant base level of insulin. After meals, the diabetic programs the dose of insulin into the pump.

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Type 1 Diabetes And Insulin Production

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas fails to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is necessary for the body to convert food, especially sugar (glucose) and starches, into energy. Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that has an early onset which occurs during childhood through young adulthood. It was formally called juvenile diabetes.

The development of type 1 diabetes can be genetic or due to infection from certain viruses. Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves blood glucose monitoring and the administration of insulin since the pancreas is not producing it.

The physician advises on the treatment and administration of insulin based on the levels of glucose in the blood. Blood glucose levels are checked with a glucose meter. The monitoring of glucose levels is often done several times a day. Careful monitoring of the amount of sugar in the blood is a crucial component in diabetes treatment.

Healthy diet and exercise help decrease blood glucose levels. The physician may suggest a consultation with a dietician to construct a diabetic diet for the patient to follow. Exercise helps glucose be absorbed by cells. A decrease in the insulin dose may be necessary while exercising.

Illnesses, including the common cold, can increase the amount of glucose in the blood. Therefore, when people with diabetes are sick, they may need to increase their insulin dosages to compensate. Stress can also impact the blood glucose level and need for insulin.

Type 1 diabetes increases the individual’s risk for certain diseases. Heart disease, blindness, neuropathy, and kidney damage are potential complications of diabetes. Neuropathy is nerve damage.

Skin care and diabetic foot care are important for those with diabetes. If skin damage or injuries to the foot are treated early, associated complications can often be avoided. This is also true with eye problems. Early detection and treatment is paramount to prevent serious complications associated with diabetes.